One of chemistry’s big challenges is the potential for increasing fuel efficiency in the transport, particularly for internal combustion engines.

Although there is much talk about alternative fuel sources, it likely that 75% of all vehicles by 2030 will still have this type of engine incorporated into their systems so improving their fuel efficiency is just as important as developing other forms of propulsion.

To that end, chemistry is helping to make cars lighter, boost the efficiency of biofuels technology and enable the mass deployment of electric, hydrogen and hybrid vehicles by providing advanced materials for the batteries and energy management systems.

The coming years will see continuing breakthroughs and chemists will be in the vanguard of the work.